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Journal ArticleAmine Benelallam, Abel Gómez, Massimo Tisi, Jordi Cabot
In: Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 142, pp. 1 - 20, 2018, ISSN: 0164-1212.
MDE has been successfully adopted in the production of software for several domains. As the models that need to be handled in MDE grow in scale, it becomes necessary to design scalable algorithms for model transformation (MT) as well as suitable frameworks for storing and retrieving models efficiently. One way to cope with scalability is to exploit the wide availability of distributed clusters in the Cloud for the parallel execution of MT. However, because of the dense interconnectivity of models and the complexity of transformation logic, the efficient use of these solutions in distributed model processing and persistence is not trivial. This paper exploits the high level of abstraction of an existing relational MT language, ATL, and the semantics of a distributed programming model, MapReduce, to build an ATL engine with implicitly distributed execution. The syntax of the language is not modified and no primitive for distribution is added. Efficient distribution of model elements is achieved thanks to a distributed persistence layer, specifically designed for relational MT. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by making an implementation of our solution publicly available and using it to experimentally measure the speed-up of the transformation system while scaling to larger models and clusters.
Journal ArticleGwendal Daniel, Gerson Sunyé, Amine Benelallam, Massimo Tisi, Yoann Vernageau, Abel Gómez, Jordi Cabot
In: Science of Computer Programming, vol. 149, no. Supplement C, pp. 9 - 14, 2017, ISSN: 0167-6423, (Special Issue on MODELS'16).
The growing role of Model Driven Engineering (MDE) techniques in industry has emphasized scalability of existing model persistence solutions as a major issue. Specifically, there is a need to store, query, and transform very large models in an efficient way. Several persistence solutions based on relational and NoSQL databases have been proposed to achieve scalability. However, they often rely on a single data store, which suits a specific modeling activity, but may not be optimized for other use cases. This paper presents NeoEMF, a tool that tackles this issue by providing a multi-database model persistence framework. Tool website: http://www.neoemf.com
ConferenceGwendal Daniel, Gerson Sunyé, Amine Benelallam, Massimo Tisi, Yoann Vernageau, Abel Gómez, Jordi Cabot
Proceedings of the MoDELS 2016 Demo and Poster Sessions co-located with ACM/IEEE 19th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems (MoDELS 2016), Saint-Malo, France, October 2-7, 2016., vol. 1725, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Saint-Malo, France, 2016, ISSN: 1613-0073.
The growing use of Model Driven Engineering (MDE) techniques in industry has emphasized scalability of existing model persistence solutions as a major issue. Specifically,
there is a need to store, query, and transform very large models in an efficient way.
Several persistence solutions based on relational and NoSQL databases have been proposed to achieve scalability. However, existing solutions often rely on a single data store, which suits a specific modeling activity, but may not be optimized for other use cases.
In this article we present NeoEMF, a multi-database model persistence framework able to store very large models in key-value stores, graph databases, and wide column databases. We introduce NeoEMF core features, and present the different data stores and their applications. NeoEMF is open source and available online.
ConferenceAbel Gómez, Amine Benelallam, Massimo Tisi
Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Scalable Model Driven Engineering part of the Software Technologies: Applications and Foundations (STAF 2015) federation of conferences, vol. 1406, CEUR Workshop Proceedings, L'Aquila, Italy, 2015, ISBN: 1613-0073.
The necessity of manipulating very large amounts of data and the wide availability of computational resources on the Cloud is boosting the popularity of distributed computing in industry. The applicability of model-driven engineering in such scenarios is hampered today by the lack of an efficient model-persistence framework for distributed computing. In this paper we present NeoEMF/HBase, a persistence backend for the Eclipse Modeling Framework (EMF) built on top of the Apache HBase data store. Model distribution is hidden from client applications, that are transparently provided with the model elements they navigate. Access to remote model elements is decentralized, avoiding the bottleneck of a single access point. The persistence model is based on key-value stores that allow for efficient on-demand model persistence.
ConferenceAbel Gómez, Massimo Tisi, Gerson Sunyé, Jordi Cabot
Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 18th International Conference, FASE 2015, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2015, London, UK, April 11-18, 2015, Proceedings, vol. 9033, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015, ISBN: 978-3-662-46675-9.
The progressive industrial adoption of Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) is fostering the development of large tool ecosystems like the Eclipse Modeling project. These tools are built on top of a set of base technologies that have been primarily designed for small-scale scenarios, where models are manually developed. In particular, efficient runtime manipulation for large-scale models is an under-studied problem and this is hampering the application of MDE to several industrial scenarios.
In this paper we introduce and evaluate a map-based persistence model for MDE tools. We use this model to build a transparent persistence layer for modeling tools, on top of a map-based database engine. The layer can be plugged into the Eclipse Modeling Framework, lowering execution times and memory consumption levels of other existing approaches. Empirical tests are performed based on a typical industrial scenario, model-driven reverse engineering, where very large software models originate from the analysis of massive code bases. The layer is freely distributed and can be immediately used for enhancing the scalability of any existing Eclipse Modeling tool.
ConferenceAmine Benelallam, Abel Gómez, Gerson Sunyé, Massimo Tisi, David Launay
Modelling Foundations and Applications: 10th European Conference, ECMFA 2014, Held as Part of STAF 2014, York, UK, July 21-25, 2014. Proceedings, vol. 8569, Springer International Publishing, 2014, ISBN: 978-3-319-09195-2, (York, UK).
Several industrial contexts require software engineering methods and tools able to handle large-size artifacts. The central idea of abstraction makes model-driven engineering (MDE) a promising approach in such contexts, but current tools do not scale to very large models (VLMs): already the task of storing and accessing VLMs from a persisting support is currently inefficient. In this paper we propose a scalable persistence layer for the de-facto standard MDE framework EMF. The layer exploits the efficiency of graph databases in storing and accessing graph structures, as EMF models are. A preliminary experimentation shows that typical queries in reverse-engineering EMF models have good performance on such persistence layer, compared to file-based backends.